Somaliland-UNDP Joint Programme for Sustainable Charcoal Reduction and Alternative Livelihoods (PROSCAL)
This Joint Programme is in response to the UN Security Council resolution 2036 (2012) that seeks international cooperation to ban illegal exports of Charcoal from Somalia. The programme envisages a comprehensive response to support the Security Council resolution. The specific objectives of the programme are four : 1) Support government in Somalia as well as countries in the Horn of Africa and the region to produce pertinent legal instruments and strengthen enforcement mechanisms at national, regional and local levels; 2) Promote alternative sources of energy to reduce local charcoal consumption; 3) Provide alternative livelihoods to the Charcoal Value Chain Beneficiaries (CVCBs) involved in the charcoal production and trade; and, 4) Country wide reforestation and afforestation to regain the productive potential of the environmentally degraded lands.
The joint programme will build on successful projects executed by UN agencies to support the ban and will use the UN joint programming modality to harmonize approaches, and maximize synergies. To this end, it will emphasize joint work plans, joint monitoring and evaluation of activities and offer a forum for policy dialogue between the governments and all partners on activities related to the ban of charcoal trade in the region. This Joint Programme will build on the proposed Programme Initiation Plan in this document, which will roll over into the Joint Programme once it is established.
Overall output: Regional Policy Framework for regulating charcoal production and trade agreed and under enforcement; Charcoal Reduction Fund established; Accelerated diffusion of energy efficient and renewable energy technologies underway; Captive plantation for sustainable reduction of charcoal established; LPG market established; diversification of income through increased crop and animal productivity and development of value added products in agriculture and livestock sectors
The Charcoal has been designed in consultation with the FGS and regional member states. The three key expected outputs of the project are as follows:
- Output 1: MOLFR supported to coordinate and implement inter-ministerial actions for Reducing Charcoal Production, Trade and Use
- Output 2:Draft National and Regional Policy for Reducing Charcoal Production, Trade and Use
- Output 3: National and International Stakeholders Mobilised to Support the Programme Objectives
What have we accomplished so far?
Charcoal project contributed to the following results:
- PUNOs (FAO, UNEP and UNDP) held 3 meetings to finalise technical aspects for Charcoal Policy and International Conference.
- Technical and operational capacities were enhanced in the MOLFR. Start-up activities were jointly planned and undertaken for the achievement of established targets under the on-going phase of the Programme.
- Donors briefs were prepared and meetings were held for mobilization of additional funds for the Programme. Resource mobilisation efforts has led to receiving firm commitment of Euros 1.0 million from Italy and potential financial support from Qatar for the holding of International Conference in Doha.
- Established an office for the coordination of PROSCAL at the MOLFR with a coordinator supporting the ministry on charcoal program;
- The programme coordinator and minister of MOLFR together with UNDP team held meetings with traditional and non-traditional donors in Nairobi and Mogadishu. Some of the key donors met included Qatar, Saudi Embassy, European Union, Norway, Japan, Italy, Sweden and Denmark;
- The MOLFR and the charcoal program team conducted and facilitated coordination and consultation meetings in Mogadishu with regional state participants and federal line ministries;
- UNDP and MOLFR signed a letter of agreement for implementation of government led activities. During the agreement, the ministry was supported with the renovation of offices, hiring of four new technical advisors, 1 technical assistant and a woman intern.
- MOLFR conducted two awareness raising events at Garowe town (Puntland State) and Baidoa town (Southwest State) with over 50 participants in each of the awareness event.